Applied Behavior Analysis, or ABA, is a specific type of autism therapy that involves analyzing and modifying human behavior. The goal is to identify the relationship between one’s behavior and their environment, in order to better understand why they are behaving in a particular way. The term “behavior modification” refers to the application of a set of behavioral principles and techniques to effectively change another person’s behavior.
The goal of ABA therapy is to increase appropriate social and daily living skills, while decreasing stereotypical and problematic behaviors. This type of therapy can be used for early intervention, but is also applicable to children of all ages. ABA instruction is usually one-on-one, with the goal of most programs being to teach 30-40 hours per week. The actual curriculum that is administered depends on the needs and situation of the individual client, but most programs include classroom readiness, language, social, self-help, fine and gross motor skills, and play skills. The program is non-aversive and focuses on rewarding desired, positive behaviors.
A good ABA program focuses on generalized learning, with the final objective to transfer those skills to a more neutral setting, such as the a home, school classroom or small-group learning environment. A good program also has a healthy balance of various activities, such as Intensive Table Teaching (ITT), Natural Environment Teaching (NET) and Manding (Requesting). Instruction should also occur in various locations, such as a therapy room, bathroom, car, play area, outdoors and so on, and should involve a variety of therapists to assist in generalizing skills. A good program also tracks statistical data to measure the success of their program. At Partners, we focus on all of these components. The graph below shows that more than 70% of our former clients graduate best outcome if they enroll in our program before age 5 years old. These statistics are based on all of our former clients from January 1, 2006 through June 30, 2012. (Note: each child is individual and unique, these statistics are not a garantee of future success).
Progress by Enrollment Age January 2006 – June 2012
The ABA therapists at Partners In Excellence follow all of these leading practices, which is why our ABA therapy programs are consistently so successful. If your child is struggling with challenging behaviors, basic language and learning skills or daily living skills, our ABA therapy program may be a good fit for them. If you’re interested in learning more about our ABA program, or our Speech or Occupational Therapy programs, please contact us or visit our enrollment page to schedule an assessment!